Marguerite de Angeli
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2012)|
|Marguerite de Angeli|
14 March 1889|
|Died||16 June 1987
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
|Genres||Children's and adult novels and short fiction, fantasy|
|Spouse(s)||John Dailey de Angeli, a violinist, known as Dai|
Marguerite de Angeli (March 14, 1889 – June 16, 1987) was an American writer and illustrator of children's books including the(その,あの,というもの) 1950 Newbery Award winning(決勝の,勝利,勝った) book The Door in the(その,あの,というもの) Wall. She wrote and illustrated(明らかにする,説明する,例証する,挿絵を入れる,図解する) twenty-eight of her own books, and illustrated(明らかにする,説明する,例証する,挿絵を入れる,図解する) more than three dozen books and numerous(おびただしい,非常に多くの,多数の,おびただしい数の) magazine stories and articles(論文,論説,記事,品物,一品,契約,条項,【文法】冠詞) for other authors.(張本人,著者,作家,作者,創作する)
She was born Marguerite Lofft in Lapeer, Michigan, one of six children. Her father, George Shadrach Lofft, was a photographer and illustrator; her mother was Ruby Adele Tuttle Lofft. In 1902 her family moved to West Philadelphia, where she spent her most formative(造形の,形を与える,形成の / a formative period 形成期,成長期) years. Marguerite entered high school in 1904, but a year later at age fifteen began to sing professionally as contralto in a Presbyterian choir(聖歌(隊),合唱(chorus),合唱団,合唱する) for $1 a week. She soon withdrew(取り消す,引き下がる,脱退する,撤退する,回収する,とじこもる,引っ込める,退場させる,引きだす,退かせる,退く,撤廃する) from high school for more musical training.
In 1908 she met John Dailey de Angeli, a violinist, known as Dai. They were married in Toronto on 1910 April 12. The first of their six children, John Shadrach de Angeli, was born one year later. After living(1.生命のある,活発な,燃えている,生き生きしている,現存している,生きている,生き写しの,2.生計,生存,暮らし(方),生活) in many locations(記憶装置の割振り場所,位置,配置,ロケーション,野外撮影,位置の選定,場所,指定区域,場所の捜索,野外撮影地) in the(その,あの,というもの) American and Canadian West, they settled(安定させる[する],決める,落ち着く,沈む,置く,落ち着かせる,清算する,定住する,据える,解決する) in the(その,あの,というもの) Philadelphia suburb(郊外,近郊) of Collingswood, New Jersey. There in 1921 Marguerite started to study drawing(製図,素描,絵,図面) under her mentor(よき助言者,相談相手,よき指導者) Maurice Bower. In 1922 Marguerite began illustrating(明らかにする,説明する,例証する,挿絵を入れる,図解する) a Sunday School paper and was soon doing illustrations(説明図,挿絵,実例,例図,図解,例証,イラスト) for magazines such as The Country Gentleman, Ladies' Home Journal, and The American Girl, besides(のほかに,そのうえ,また,さらに,その上,加えて(in addition to ~)) illustrating(明らかにする,説明する,例証する,挿絵を入れる,図解する) books for authors(張本人,著者,作家,作者,創作する) including Helen Ferris, Elsie Singmaster, Cornelia Meigs, and Dorothy Canfield Fisher. Her last child, Maurice Bower de Angeli, was born in 1928, seven years before the(その,あの,というもの) 1935 publication(発行,出版,発表,刊行,公表,公開,公布,出版物) of her first book, Ted and Nina Go to the(その,あの,というもの) Grocery Store. The de Angeli family moved frequently,(しばしば,頻繁に) returning to Pennsylvania and living(1.生命のある,活発な,燃えている,生き生きしている,現存している,生きている,生き写しの,2.生計,生存,暮らし(方),生活) north of Philadelphia in Jenkintown, west of Philadelphia in the(その,あの,というもの) Manoa neighborhood(近所の人々,近所,付近,近傍,近辺,近隣) of Havertown, on Carpenter Lane in Germantown, Philadelphia, on Panama Street  in Center City, Philadelphia, in an apartment near the(その,あの,というもの) Philadelphia Art Museum, and in a cottage(別荘,小屋,(特にいなかの)小さな家) in Green Lane, Pennsylvania. They also maintained(主張する,維持する,養う,主張している,支持する,整備する,持続する,支える,保守する,保存する,現状維持する) a summer cabin(キャビン,小屋,船室,(飛行機の)客室,操縦室,押し込む,小屋に住む) in Tom's River, New Jersey. Marguerite's husband died in 1969 only eight months before their 60th wedding anniversary.(記念日,記念祭)
In 1971, two years after her husband died, she published her autobiography,(自伝,自叙伝) Butter at the(その,あの,というもの) Old Price. Her last work, Friendship and Other Poems, was published in 1981 when she was 92 years old. She died at the(その,あの,というもの) age of 98 on June 16, 1987 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was survived(切り抜けて生きる,長生きする,より長生きする,生き残る,〜を切り抜ける) by her 3 of her 4 sons, Arthur, Harry and Maurice; daughter, Nina Kuhn; 13 grandchildren, and 16 great-grandchildren.
In her illustrations(説明図,挿絵,実例,例図,図解,例証,イラスト) Marguerite de Angeli employed a number of different media,(1.媒体,中間,媒介物,手段,2.中位の,中間の) including charcoal,(木炭,炭,黒灰色) pen and ink, lithograph (only in earliest work), oils, and watercolors. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is the(その,あの,というもの) regional(局地的な,地域,地区,地方,地方の) setting(背景,設定,配列,調節) of many, but not all, of her books.
Her work explored(探検する,調査する,探険する,探る) and depicted(描写する) the(その,あの,というもの) traditions(正式の財産引渡し,伝統,言い伝え,伝説,流儀,しきたり,因襲,慣例) and rich cultural(文化的な,教養の,栽培上の) diversity(相違,多様性) of common people more frequently(しばしば,頻繁に) overlooked(見過ごす,見渡せる,監督する,許す,見下ろす) – a semi-autobiographical Great Depression family, African American children experiencing the(その,あの,というもの) sting((を針で)(〜を針で)刺す,傷つける,をひりひりさせる,(人を)苦しめる,ひりひり痛む,ひどく痛む,刺すこと,針,痛み,毒針,棘) of racial(人種上の,人種の(上)の,民族の(間)の,民族間の,人種の,民族の,人種にかかわる,人種的な) prejudice,(先入観,害,偏見,先入主,偏愛,ひがみ,損害,被害,迷惑,不利益,害する,偏らせる) Polish mine workers aspiring(熱望する,切望する) to life beyond the(その,あの,というもの) Pennsylvania coal mines, the(その,あの,というもの) physically(1 自然の法則によって,物理的に(学)的に,物質的に,2 肉体的に,身体上,体力的には,身体的に) handicapped,(1.身体(精神)上の障害,ハンディキャップ,不利な条件,障害,2.ハンディキャップを付ける) colonial(植民地の,植民地の住民,群落の,植民地時代の) Mennonites, the(その,あの,というもの) Amish, nineteenth-century Quakers supporting(1.〜を扶養する,支える,支持する,援助する,サポートする,2.支え,扶養,支持(する),3.支持材,サポーター,支えるもの) the(その,あの,というもの) underground(反体制の,地下の,秘密の,地下鉄《英》,地下道《米》,アングラ,アングラの,地下に潜って) railroad, immigrants,(帰化植物,移住者,移住民,(国内への)移民,外来動物) and other traditional(伝統的な,伝説の,因襲的の,伝承の) or ethnic(民族の,人種の,少数民族,人種に根差した) peoples. De Angeli's books carry an underlying(〜の基礎になる,〜の下に横たわる,〜の根底にある) message(1.メッセージ,伝言,通信,通達,神託,お告げ,2.メッセージを送る) that we are really all the(その,あの,というもの) same, and that all of us deserve(〜を受けるに足る,受けるに値する,値する) tolerance,(寛容,寛大,容認,数量過不足容認条件) care, consideration,(思いやり,考慮,熟慮,配慮,考察,(決定する際などの)理由,動機,報酬,考慮すべき事柄,理由考察) and respect.
Her 1946 story Bright April was the(その,あの,というもの) first children’s book to address the(その,あの,というもの) divisive(不平を生じる) issue(1.発券,発行(物),供給(物),発刊(物),発布,刷,(雑誌などの)〜号,出ること,問題(点),論点,結果,出口,流出,子女,子孫,2.発行する,支給する,出る,発する,由来する,(結果が〜に)なる,出す,発布する,出版する,流出する,現れる / Hugh Hefner sat at his desk in the Playboy office on this wintry day in 1955 deciding which of Diane Webber's nude photographs would be the center fold in the May issue.) of racial(人種上の,人種の(上)の,民族の(間)の,民族間の,人種の,民族の,人種にかかわる,人種的な) prejudice.(先入観,害,偏見,先入主,偏愛,ひがみ,損害,被害,迷惑,不利益,害する,偏らせる) She was twice named a Caldecott Honor Book illustrator, first in 1945 for Yonie Wondernose and again in 1955 for Book of Nursery and Mother Goose Rhymes. She received a 1950 Newbery Medal, for The Door in the(その,あの,というもの) Wall, which also won the(その,あの,というもの) Lewis Carroll Shelf Award in 1961, a 1957 Newbery Honor mention for Black Fox of Lorne, a 1961 Lewis Carroll Shelf Award, and the(その,あの,というもの) 1968 Regina Medal.
Nonfiction for adults
- Libraries and Reading: Their Importance in the Lives of Famous Americans with others, edited by Donald H. Hunt (1964)
- Butter at the Old Price: The Autobiography of Marguerite de Angeli (1971)
As writer and illustrator
- For children
- Ted and Nina Go to the Grocery Store (1935) (digital story book)
- Ted and Nina Have a Happy Rainy Day (1936) (digital story book)
- Henner's Lydia (1936) A story about a young Amish girl set in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.
- Petite Suzanne (1937) A story filled with folkways and customs of daily life as experienced by a Gaspé Peninsula French-Canadian girl named Suzanne.
- Copper-Toed Boots (1938) A portrayal of the mid-nineteenth century rural life of the author's father in Lapeer, Michigan.
- Skippack School (1939) Subtitled "Being the Story of Eli Shrawder and of one Christopher Dock, Schoolmaster about the year 1750". A story about school-master and humanist Christopher Dock at the Mennonite School near Skippack, Pennsylvania during the 1700s.
- A Summer Day with Ted and Nina (1940) (digital story book)
- Thee, Hannah! (1940) A story about a young Quaker girl meeting an escaped slave in pre-Civil War Philadelphia.
- Elin's Amerika (1941) A story about the earliest Swedish settlers in the Delaware Valley in Pennsylvania.
- Up the Hill (1942) Story of a young mine worker from a Pennsylvania mining town who aspires to an art career; describes immigrant Polish customs, food, language, music, and daily life.
- Yonie Wondernose (1944) Caldecott Honor book, a story about a curious Amish boy, younger brother to Lydia of Henner's Lydia.
- Turkey for Christmas (1944) Semi-autobiographical account describing the Lofft family's first Christmas in Philadelphia after moving there in 1902.
- Bright April (1946) A story about the prejudice experienced by African-Americans in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, a daring topic for its time. (images)
- Jared's Island (1947) Story of a Scottish boy named Jared Craig who in the early 1700s shipwrecks on New Jersey's Barnegat Shoals, is rescued by a Quaker, but runs away to live with Indians.
- The Door in the Wall (1950) Newbery Medal winner about a boy's courage during plague years in Medieval England; central character deals with a physical handicap.
- Just Like David (1951) Jeffrey wants to be just like his older brother David; family moves from Pennsylvania to Ohio.
- Book of Nursery and Mother Goose Rhymes (1954) De Angeli's second Caldecott Honor book. (images)
- Black Fox of Lorne (1956) Newbery Honor Book. Tenth-century Viking twins shipwreck on the Scottish coast and seek to avenge the death of their father; they encounter loyal clansmen at war, kindly shepherds, power-hungry lairds, and staunch crofters.
- A Pocket Full of Posies: A Merry Mother Goose (1961) An abbreviated form of original Mother Goose book.
- The Goose Girl (1964) Illustrated version of the Grimm story original.
- Turkey for Christmas (1965) Christmas stories.
- The Empty Barn (1966, coauthor Arthur C. de Angeli) Farm Life.
- Fiddlestrings (1974) One of deAngeli's longer books, it is based on the boyhood of her husband John Daily de Angeli in the 1890s.
- The Lion in the Box (1975) A Christmas story, a widowed mother, poverty, and an unexpected gift.
- Whistle for the Crossing (1977) Published when the author was 88, the story of the first train to travel the new railroad tracks from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh.
- Friendship and Other Poems (1981) A collection of poetry written by Marguerite de Angeli over many years and published when she was 92 years old.
- The New Moon: The Story of Dick Martin's Courage, His Silver Sixpence and His Friends in the New World by Cornelia Meigs (1924)
- The Prince and the Page: a Story of the Last Crusade by Charlotte M. Yonge (1925) (e-text at Project Gutenberg)
- The Dove in the Eagle's Nest by Charlotte M. Yonge (1926) (e-text at Project Gutenberg)
- The Little Duke: Richard the Fearless by Charlotte M. Yonge (1927) (e-text at Project Gutenberg)
- Milady At Arms: A Story of the Revolutionary Days by Edith Bishop Sherman (1927)
- Mario's Castle by Helen Forbes (1928)
- "The Mystery of the Brass Key" St. Nicholas for Boys and Girls by Harriette R. Campbell (April 1928) (Three illustrations)
- The Pirate's Ward by Emile Benson and Alden Arthur (1929)
- The Lances of Lynwood by Charlotte M. Yonge (1929) (e-text at Project Gutenberg)
- Meggy MacIntosh: A Highland Girl in the Carolina County by Elizabeth Janet Gray (1930)
- Red Coats and Blue by Harriette R Campbell (1930)
- A Candle in the Mist by Florence Crannell Means (1931)
- The Christmas Nightingale by Eric Kelly (1932)
- It's More Fun When You Know the Rules: Etiquette Problems for Girls by Beatrice Pierce (1935)
- "Bobby Ravenel's Vocation" St. Nicholas for Boys and Girls by Elsie Singmaster (February 1935) (Four illustrations)
- Challenge : Stories of Courage and Love for Girls by Helen Ferris (ed) (1936)
- Courage Stories Every Child Should Know by Helen Ferris (1936)
- The Child Life Mystery-Adventure Book by Marjorie Barrows & Frances Cavanah (illus by Marguerite de Angeli & Alexander Key) (1936)
- The Covered Bridge by Cornelia Meigs (1936)
- Joan Wanted a Kitty by Jane Brown Gemmill (1937)
- Alice-All-by-Herself by Elizabeth Coatsworth (1937)
- The Cousin from Clare by Rose Sackett (1937)
- Red Sky over Rome by Anne D. Kyle (1938)
- The Princess and the Gypsy by Jean Rosmer (1938)
- Josie and Joe by Ruth Gipson Plowhead (1938)
- Strong Hearts and Bold by Gertrude Crownfield (1938)
- Cristina Of Old New York by Gertrude Crownfield (1939)
- Heidi's Children by Johanna Spyri's translator Charles Tritten (1939)
- Hymns for Junior Worship musical editor Lawrence Curry (1940)
- Prayers and Graces for Little Children edited by Quail Hawkins (1941)
- They Loved to Laugh by Kathryn Worth (1942)
- In and Out: Verses by Tom Robinson (1943)
- Side Saddle for Dandy by Nancy Faulkner (1954)
- The Old Testament (1960 Doubleday ed) Complete collection of the art produced for this oversize volume is at the Free Library of Philadelphia.
- Tiny Tots Picture Book by Marguerite de Angeli & others (1962)
- Marguerite de Angeli's Book of Favorite Hymns (1963) An illustrated collection of de Angeli's favorite religious songs, many familiar to her from her early music career.
- The Empty Barn by Arthur C. de Angeli (1966)
- The Door in the Wall: A Play, by Arthur C. de Angeli (1968)
Books about Marguerite de Angeli
- Michigan's Marguerite de Angeli: The Story of Lapeer's Native by William Anderson (1987)
- Open Doors by Joan Brunette (2002) available at the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame in Lansing, MI
- Staff. "Children's Books Author Marguerite de Angeli Dies", Los Angeles Times, June 20, 1987. Accessed March 10, 2011. "While raising a family in Collingswood, N.J., she began her career as an illustrator with the Westminster Press."
- "Marguerite de Angeli." The Gale Literary Database: American Writers for Children. The Gale Group, 1983. Thomson Corporation. 21 Oct. 2001. <http://www.galenet.com>.
- Van Atta, Burr. "Marguerite de Angeli, 98, Author of Children's Books." The Philadelphia Inquirer 18 Jun. 1987: C12.
- selected digital images at Lapeer District Library, Michigan
- Marguerite deAngeli Collection at Lapeer District Library
- excerpts from Newbery Award acceptance speech